Natural Gas Vehicles (NGV)

Quick Facts

  • There are about 142,000 NGVs on US roads today and 15 million worldwide.
  • There are about 1,325 NGV fueling stations across the US.
  • NGVs offset the use of 400 million gallons of gasoline in 2013 in the US.

Natural Gas Vehicles: Driving America to Energy Independence

NGVs can operate on compressed natural gas (CNG) or liquid natural gas (LNG). LNG requires only 30% of the space of CNG to store the same amount of energy, and is often used for heavy duty vehicles. In order to keep the LNG cold, LNG is stored on-board vehicles in thermally insulated storage tanks.

Using natural gas as a transportation fuel reduces CO2 up to 30% and other emissions up to 90%. As EPA moves toward tougher air-quality standards, NGVs enable entities, such as school districts and delivery services, to meet these new requirements.

The United States has more than 2 million miles of pipelines delivering natural gas to the market in an environmentally friendly manner. Utilizing this existing infrastructure for vehicles could significantly eliminate emissions from the transport sector. There are about 140,000 NGVs on U.S. roads today serviced by about 1,300 fueling stations, half of which are open to the public. More fueling stations are needed to meet growing demand and to increase penetration of NGVs in the U.S. transportation market. Light-duty NGVs are projected to increase from about 15.2 million to 39.8 million worldwide by 2023.